Basic HTML

By Matthew Felsted

HTML is a markup language for the web and some mobile devices that instructs programs called browsers how to interpret a web page and it's content. HTML is an acronym for Hypertext Markup Language. A web page is defined by a symmetrical balance of open-close tags, such as <body>, </body> to indicate that the inner HTML of the tags are defined within the body of the document. Every major browser supports and understands HTML. The major browsers that interpret HTML are the webkit browsers, which are the Google Chrome, RockMelt, and Apple’s Safari whereas other browsers run gecko like Mozilla's Firefox, Flock, and some other more obscure browsers. The other major browsers are Microsoft's Internet Explorer, and Konqueror.
So where did HTML come from? HTML was first publicly described by Tim Berner-Lee as an application of SGML, a product invented for use in government aerospace and the military to maintain source code documents able to last decades and be used to easily communicate data from one machine to another. Like HTML, XML is a markup language that enables machines to communicate between one another without being too complex for a human to understand. XML serves as an intermediate for humans and computers to communicate effectively.
Basic HTML is strictly for structuring content and data for web pages, but works hand in hand with other languages such as CSS for describing exactly how the pages should look from browser to browser. HTML is the simplest building block of web development, essential for web pages, and it is easy to learn. Universal web standards are defined and managed by an organization known as The World Wide Web Consortium, or W3C for short. A small group of W3C volunteers work together with outspoken experts to originate all changes to the HTML language as well as many other related technologies. Occasionally, individual browsers lead the future of the family of web related technologies by introducing specialized code that works at first with their own particular browser. You can learn to write HTML yourself at websites like W3Schools, a highly recommended tutorial site that provides instant feedback through it’s “try-it yourself” tutorial pages.

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